Everything that is around us in the universe is within us as well. Adityahridayam is a devotional hymn associated with Aditya, the Sun God Surya and was recited by the sage Agastya to Lord Rama on the battlefield. Lord Rama after ceaseless battle with Ravana is not able to kill him and is perplexed. At that time the devas who have assembled in the sky advice him to ask the advice from Sage Agasthya.
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One among these deities is Surya, the presiding deity of our Sun, also known as Aditya due to his being the son of Aditi , who is worshipped as the sustainer of life on earth. Our culture has given prime importance to worship of the Sun through the practice of Sandhyavandana, the ritual to be performed by all Dvijas wearers of the sacred thread, lit.
Another important hymn to the Sun-God is the Aditya Hrudayam, the subject of this article. This is a Stotram, or a sacred hymn, dedicated to Lord Aditya. The story During the final between Rama and Ravana in Ramayana. Rama has used all kinds of weapons and missiles against Ravana, but in vain.
The overlord of the Rakshasas seems invincible. Rama, currently a normal human being and not the all-powerful Lord Vishnu , is tormented by fatigue, both mentally and physically.
He glances at his enemy, who is ready for battle, and worry crosses his brow. It is in this gripping scenario that the whole of our hymn is recited. At this juncture, as the gods look on from the sky, the sage Agastya appears in front of Rama and, with the aim of rejuvenating Rama and hastening the outcome of the battle, teaches this prayer to Lord Surya, and disappears soon afterward.
Rama receives the prayer from Agastya, and becomes energized upon reciting it. He lifts his bow and prepares for the final confrontation. Thus, the poet of the Ramayana, with his impeccable style, ends the chapter where the Aditya Hridayam is contained, to proceed afresh with the deciding battle of the tale. As mentioned earlier, this is a work of 31 slokas, out of which the first 30 are set in the popular syllabled meter, the Anushtup Chandas.
The text has a unique flow, with a distinctive structure, where the slokas are structured as follows: The Introduction to the scenario — verses The listing of the benefits of recitation of the hymn — verses The various attributes and activities of Lord Aditya — verses The Aditya Hrudayam — The core of the whole prayer — verses The glories of Aditya — verses The Phalashruti — the benefits of recitation of the prayer — verses The Conclusion — verses What makes this structure unique is the presence of the glories of the deity and the Phalasruti both before as well as after the core portion of the text — a characteristic that is seldom seen in any other hymn.
Benefits of recitation As pointed out earlier, the Aditya Hrudayam lists out its benefits twice — once before and once after the prayer. Upon chanting this hymn thrice unto Lord Aditya with complete devotion, you shall attain victory. You shall defeat Ravana the very next instant, Oh Rama! This implies the efficacy of chanting of this hymn and the confidence it instills in the mind of the devotee, something which manifests almost instantaneously in Rama.
Regular recitation of it is sure to grant sound health, longevity, dispelling of miseries and peace of mind, as indicated by Rishi Agastya in the Phalashruti. The correct pronunciation by Dr. Thiagarajan Scientific gleamings from the Stotram From the glories of Surya described in the Stotram, we can understand how our culture worships the Sun as the prime cause of sustenance of life on earth.
We understand how all natural phenomena are ascribed to be an act of Lord Aditya. This is seen in the initial part of the hymn where Agastya identifies Lord Surya with majority of the other devas, with the opposite forces being paired together — such as Yama Death and Soma Rejuvenation , Pitrs the dead and Vasus the forces of nature , Vayu wind and Vahni fire and so on.
The seasons are said to be caused by him, as are cold and heat, day and night, rain and shine, etc. A detailed reading of the Stotram by the reader may reveal even more insightful information. Other glories of Lord Surya This stotram contains a beautiful praise of Lord Surya, describing him as the cause of the creation, sustenance and eventual dissolution of this earth.
Rishi Agastya devotes 13 slokas out of 31 to the praise of Surya out of which 3 slokas occur after the recitation of the actual hymn. Lord Surya is primarily described as the Overlord of the World, who nourishes and protects the world through his various duties.
He is described as the Glorious One with infinite rays, who is worshipped by all, including the eternal enemies, the devas gods and the asuras the enemies of the gods. He is the embodiment of all divinities Sarva Devatmakah such as Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Skanda, the eight guardians of the world, and so on. He causes heavy rains and is the friend of the waters a poetic way of describing the rain cycle , and is the source of all that is in this world. He has the skies as his pathway and he is always on the move referring to the revolution of the Sun around the Galactic center.
Lord Surya destroys all that is created, and recreates all that is destroyed a reference to how everything in a star system arises from and dissolves into the same nebula.
He provides heat and rains successively and is the form of all activities in this world and their fruits. A similar praise can be found in the Bhagavata Purana,
Aditya Hridayam Stotram – Sanskrit with English Lyrics & meaning
The rays that emanate from you remove all worries of sins and sorrows. Your rays embrace us; you are the Beginning, the embodiment of The Beginning. All Worlds worship thee! Verses 1 to 30 tato yuddha parishrantam samare chintaya sthitam ravanam chagrato drishtva yuddhaya samupasthitam 1 Meaning: When the war was nearing the end, Rama was in a fatigued position. Raavana was daring for a fresh encounter as he appeared to be exalted. Chanting it with passion on daily basis provides imperishable absolute victory. It removes the woes of mind heart and will enhance the longevity of life.
Aditya Hridayam Stotram