ANDISHE ESLAMI 2 PDF

Zuluran The effect of taxes Islam imposes on saving is andisue negative than the adverse effect of taxes on saving in secular systems. This tax is so called because the rate of taxation on seven specified items is twenty percent. The rich get acquainted with hardship the poor undergo and andkshe poor come to personally know their fellow benefactors. Of course, when the Islamic government ordains that taxes be paid to it, then no one can spend it as they see proper. Khoms is a kind of proportional tax.

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Kazicage This can be understood if we focus on how the tax collected especially zakat and khoms should be spent according to Islam. Therefore, it does not eslamii the overall demand or bring about collateral economic bad effects such as inflation. The rent due to be paid was fixed through negotiation and varied esslami on the fertility and the kind and level of production expected. But Islamic taxation pursues an additional end too. Andisheh Esslami 2 In all these cases, there is a fixed amount due to be paid.

The main purpose of taxation in Islam is to prevent poverty, promote economic justice, and provide well being for the deprived.

This tax is in lieu of zakat and khoms which non-Muslims do not pay. We may mention some more important ones here: Proportional tax is a fixed percentage of property one ought to pay.

We can sum up these positive effects in the following respects:. As the result, the increase in total demand and supply in the entire economy as a whole reaches equilibrium at a higher level. Tax on revenue includes zakat on wheat, barley, date, and raisin; 2.

Islamic state must be concerned with social injustice and class discrimination. Since a Muslim considers his tax payment an act of worship, he normally needs no external watch to see whether he discharges his debt. In the Islamic taxation system, therefore, two mechanisms are deployed to block this escape; first, all taxes are direct so as to minimize the possibility of the transfer of tax burden; second, paying tax is not only a public obligation but also a religious duty.

Mutable taxes Mutable taxes are those taxes the Islamic ruler decides to impose in order to meet particular expenses of the government in exceptional cases without prior legislation by divine lawmaker hence no fixed terms for them [22]. It goes without saying that a believer understands that it is impossible to cheat and deceive God. In the Islamic system of taxation, we see the following ways of money raising for state: These goals are better achieved by people directly with the minimum intervention of the state.

The factual effect of these taxes surpasses those of obligatory ones. Every individual in possession of these items is obliged to pay the tax with the intention to implement divine command [18]. Tax on utilization of natural resources such as khoms on mining, zakat on camel, cow, and sheep. Due to the role the transfer of payments play in consumption, the demand for goods and services increase. A severe problem in taxation is the possibility of transfer of tax burden to other people rather than those originally charged with as a method of escape.

The distributive effect of Islamic taxation system seems greater than the ordinary systems despite the fact that the tax rate is uniform in the Islamic system of taxation. Kharaj [21] is the fourth kind of tax that was collected from land. In a comparison of the Islamic system of taxation with other secular systems, we can highlight the features and effects of Islamic tax in overall human life conditions.

Neither of these two aims is subordinate. Taxes legislated in Islam can be divided into six groups from the second point of view [28]. From the first point of view, they can be divided into the following four groups [26]: The forms of taxation recognized in Islam do not allow taxation to be a mechanism for allocation policies or stabilization policies. In some cases, the inhabitants of a region accepted Islamic call freely and willfully.

Capitation such as zakat fitrah; 6. The latter means a percentage of the property one has must be paid as religious tax annually [13]. Andishe Ye Eslami Ye 1 The fourth kind of land was the one either abandoned by owners without fighting or left to the Islamic state by them or left unattended because the owners had perished. There are two kinds of zakat; Fitr zakat and possession zakat.

This money was made in different ways. In Islamic taxation system, however, provision is made for direct and personal indolence of citizens in redistribution of wealth. Their lands were called peace lands. The effect of taxes Islam imposes on saving is less negative than the adverse effect of taxes on saving in secular systems. Trust is a great factor here.

As Muslim conquests went on in early decades, the ownership of land underwent drastic changes. Tax on savings such as khoms; 4.

Andishs a technical term of economics, it means an amount of money received from individuals or legal persons by the state proportionate to their wealth, profit, income, or transactions [1].

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Since the advent of state, statesmen needed money to run the government. Legislation of tax laws must xndishe a fair distribution of wealth in society at the same time as it helps economic growth. Paying tax is considered a religious service and a kind of worship in the Islamic taxation system. A small portion of the financial needs of the state is covered by this kind of taxation.

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Andishe Eslami 2.pdf

Kazicage This can be understood if we focus on how the tax collected especially zakat and khoms should be spent according to Islam. Therefore, it does not eslamii the overall demand or bring about collateral economic bad effects such as inflation. The rent due to be paid was fixed through negotiation and varied esslami on the fertility and the kind and level of production expected. But Islamic taxation pursues an additional end too. Andisheh Esslami 2 In all these cases, there is a fixed amount due to be paid.

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ANDISHE ESLAMI 2 PDF

While secular systems spend much on collecting tax because of grand and complicated bureaucratic organizations involved, the Islamic system of taxation enjoys the anfishe of simplicity and economy. Capitation such as zakat fitrah; 6. From the first point of view, they can be divided into the following four groups [26]:. As Muslim conquests went on in early decades, the ownership of land underwent drastic changes. In secular systems, no such provisions are made because moral issues are not considered in tax legislations.

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