Check out the terms in our Filipino glossary below, learn about the Pinoy home, and a bit of its history, as well. A balcony or terrace on a flat roof. A traditional Filipino house on stilts made of indigenous materials such as bamboo, sawali, and thatched nipa. It has swing-out windows with a tukod to hold them in place, a high-pitched, airy roof, and is raised from the ground to protect its owners from animal attacks and floods. The usual style of home inhabited by the noble families during the Spanish colonial times. Its ground floor, which is usually empty of made as a garage for horse-drawn carriages, is made of stone walls, while the second floor is made of wood.
|Published (Last):||28 May 2018|
|PDF File Size:||8.5 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||13.12 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Etymology[ edit ] Though the Filipino term bahay na bato means "house of stone", these houses are not fully made up of stone; some are even dominated more by wooden materials, and some more modern ones use concrete materials.
The name got applied to the architecture as generations pass by, because contrary to its predecessor bahay kubo, which are fully made of organic materials, it uses stone materials. The first buildings during the early years of Spanish occupation were of wood and bamboo, materials with which the pre-Hispanic indigenous Filipinos had been working expertly since early times known as bahay kubo later named by the Americans as "nipa hut". In its most basic form, the house consisted of four walls enclosing one or more rooms, with the whole structure raised above ground on stilts.
Its resemblance to a cube earned its description in Spanish, cubo. Clusters of these wooden houses clearly were predisposed to fire. For this purpose, the Chinese and the indigenous Filipinos were taught how to quarry and dress stone, how to prepare and use mortar, and how to mold bricks. Thus began what has been called the first golden age of building in stone. This new community setup made construction using heavier, more permanent materials desirable. Some of these materials included bricks, mortar, tiles and stone.
Glowing accounts of towering palaces and splendid mansions reached the peninsula. However, the ambitious plans of the Spaniards were dashed in when a terrible earthquake struck Manila.
Finding European construction styles impractical in local conditions, Spanish and Filipino builders quickly adapted the characteristics of the bahay kubo of the natives and applied it to Spanish Colonial architecture. Manila during the early s was filled with majestic bahay na bato architecture on its streets Under more than three centuries of Spanish initiative, buildings of wood, stone, and brick were constructed all over the archipelago, from the Batanes Islands in the north to Tawi-Tawi in the south , from Palawan in the west to Samar in the east.
Famous for its Sculpted wooden Atlases. For example, some Bahay na bato do not have ventanillas, some do not have Capiz windows , and some lack both. Some have galvanized roofs, some have tiled roofs, and some have nipa or cogon roofs. First-level walls may be made of bricks, adobe stones, or coral stones; more modern structures uses concrete or wood. Although retaining the basic form, the 19th-century bahay na bato reflected changing tastes through the incorporation of motifs from the prevalent styles.
The same principle applies to the nipa hut - not all nipa huts use nipa materials; some use cogon. Its local name, bahay kubo, means "cube house", though not all are of a cubic shape. These quaint mixes give the Bahay na bato an architectural style that evolved from both East and West, and thus makes it truly Filipino, as it corresponds to Philippine history of being a melting pot of east and west. Neoclassical decorations included columns , pilaster , caryatids , Atlases and friezes adopted from Greek and Roman architecture.
The dawn of Art Nouveau era also has a big influence on the mixing of styles and aesthetics of these houses. Many latter Bahay na bato adapted the modernist designs such as Art Deco during Art Deco era and the shortly, Post-War Modernist designs, many of which was only a product of loosely restored Bahay na bato after the war that eventually led to its decline.
Each region evolved its own building style, which were in many cases dependent on the materials available. As construction techniques were developed, quarries opened, and kilns constructed, various parts of the country began to show a preference for specific building materials. The Bahay na bato in Cebu, for example, differs from the one in Samar.
The Ivatans in Batanes , however, have a very different Bahay na bato called Sinadumparan. Examples of regional variants: Metro Manila[ edit ] Manila , the capital of the Philippines, has one of the most diverse style of Bahay na bato, ranging from the early period of Spanish colonization to the American era. Many were destroyed by World War II. However, the Metro Manila area still has one of the largest concentration of Bahay na Bato houses.
The opening of Manila as a free port encouraged British , Germans , French , and other foreigners to set up businesses on the Escolta and adjacent streets, and the majestic Bahay na Bato buildings were built. The unique style of the north, commonly in the Ilocos Region , usually bases its design on brick materials, common in Bahay na bato, churches and other constructed buildings, walls, monuments and fortification of the area. However, it still remains faithful to the Nipa hut principle.
These non-wooden stone second level facade walls style are also present in some of the Bahay na bato of other regions besides the north, like the Jesuit house of Cebu in Visayas.
With the massive walls, the volada disappeared in many residences and the kitchen became an extension in stone, with vents piercing the walls to let out smoke.
Calabarzon[ edit ] Calabarzon is one of the regions of The Philippines that has some of the best preserve heritage houses. Towns along the coasts of Luzon , especially to Batangas , used roughly hewn blocks of coral and Adobe stone.
List_ Parts of Bahay Na Bato _ Filipiniana 101
You are on page 1of 7 Search inside document Historical Background of Bahay na Bato The 19th century townhouse, called bahay na bato, was a product of economic and social developments, as well as architectural evolution. With the opening of Manila to international trade in and the opening of the Suez Canal in , trade and agricultural production rose to exhilarating heights and increased the fortunes of the native aristocracy, particularly in the provinces. Wealth became the passport to higher education not only in Manila but also in Europe. The elite or principalia included landowners and traders, as well as professionals physicians and accountantsand the highly educated, cosmopolitan illustrado literally, enlightened. The lifestyle and aspirations, and even pretensions of the upper class demanded a new type of dwellingspacious, durable, comfortable, impressive, noble, and elegantthe bahay na bato. Several house forms contributed to the emergence of the bahay na bato.
Bahay Na Bato
A hat and cane rack placed at the caida or the staircase landing. Batibot Chair A metal version of the cane bentwood chair. A status symbol were the calados designed with art nouveau patterns by famous sculptors of the time such as Emilio Alvero and Isabelo Tampingco. Most popular styles used are the Solomonic columns that spiral upward into a Gothic arch. Concha IMAGE Vincent Coscolluela Latticework panels that framed the translucent capiz shells used to completely shut windows at night or during a storm. Espejo Spanish word for mirror.
Pinoy Dictionary: Parts of a Filipino Home
The Filipino colonial style Bahay na bato influence is very evident in the Rakuh building. It also houses the cuadra stable for the ns. For starters, the traditional rooms in a typical Filipino ancestral house from the 19th century consist of the caida receiving roomsala mayor main living roomcomedor dining roomoratorio prayer roomcuartos bedroomscocina kitchenand azotea an open balcony that served service kitchen. During the Second World War, many of these houses were destroyed by both the American and Japanese forces. This was a standard bedroom accessory, along with the orinola.
BAHAY NA BATO PARTS PDF