He was the best known figure in Kyrgyzstan literature. The name Chingiz is the same as the honorary title of Genghis Khan. In early childhood he wandered as a nomad with his family, as the Kyrgyzstan people did at the time. In his father was charged with "bourgeois nationalism" in Moscow, arrested and executed in Aitmatov lived at a time when Kyrgyzstan was being transformed from one of the most remote lands of the Russian Empire to a republic of the USSR. The future author studied at a Soviet school in Sheker.
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Life[ edit ] He was born to a Kyrgyz father and Tatar mother. In , his father was charged with " bourgeois nationalism " in Moscow , arrested and executed in The future author studied at a Soviet school in Sheker. He also worked from an early age. At fourteen, he was an assistant to the Secretary at the Village Soviet.
In , he began studying at the Animal Husbandry Division of the Kirghiz Agricultural Institute in Frunze , but later switched to literary studies at the Maxim Gorky Literature Institute in Moscow, where he lived from For the next eight years he worked for Pravda. In , he was a member of the jury at the 2nd Moscow International Film Festival. In , he was a member of the jury at the 44th Berlin International Film Festival. His obituary in The New York Times characterised him as "a Communist writer whose novels and plays before the collapse of the Soviet Union gave a voice to the people of the remote Soviet republic of Kyrgyz" and adds that he "later became a diplomat and a friend and adviser to the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.
His output before Jamila  was not significant, a few short stories and a short novel called Face to Face. Gareth Jones. His work drew on folklore, not in the ancient sense of it; rather, he tried to recreate and synthesize oral tales in the context of contemporary life.
This is prevalent in his work; in nearly every story he refers to a myth, a legend, or a folktale. This is prevalent in one of his work in Farewell, Gyusalry! Although the short story touches on the idea of friendship and loyalty between a man and his stallion, it also serves an tragic allegory of the political and USSR government. It explores the loss and grief that many Kyrgyz faced through the protagonist character in the short story.
The two central characters of Farewell, Gulsary! The Scaffold starts off and finishes with the story of a wolf pack and the great wolf-mother Akbara and her cub; human lives enter the narrative but interweave with the lives of the wolves. As many educated Kyrgyzs, Aitmatov was fluent in both Kyrgyz and Russian. As he explained in one of his interviews, Russian was as much of a native language for him as Kyrgyz. Most of his early works he wrote in Kyrgyz; some of these he later translated into Russian himself, while others were translated into Russian by other translators.
Since , he was writing in Russian. Farewell, Gulsary!
His family was bilingual, Russian-Kyrgyz. His father, Torekul Aitmatov, was one of the first Kyrgyz communists and a regional party secretary. In , while attending the Institute for Red Professorship in Moscow, Torekul was arrested and executed on charges of anti-Soviet bourgeois nationalism. Young Aitmatov was brought up by a single mother. He attended the Russian school, then Kyrgyz Agricultural Institute in Frunze, but changed from the study of livestock to the study of literature at the Gorky Literature Institute in Moscow.
Share via Email The Kyrgyz writer Chingiz Aitmatov, who has died aged 79, was the most celebrated representative of Kyrgyzstan, a landlocked, mountainous nation of 5 million people in the heart of central Asia, which was a Soviet republic until A bilingual and bicultural writer, Aitmatov wrote his prose and plays in both his native Kyrgyz and in Russian, and was translated into more than languages. Described as a "magical socialist-realist" in the Russian press, he was able to combine elements of Kyrgyz folk-tales and epics with formally traditional Russian realism. A beneficiary of the thaw, the cultural liberalisation which took place under Nikita Khrushchev, he became a world-famous author in the s while still writing in Kyrgyz, gradually switching to Russian in the mids to became one of the most eloquent practitioners of the language.
He achieved major recognition with the collection of short stories Povesti gor i stepey ; Tales of the Mountains and Steppes , for which he was awarded the Lenin Prize in Although Aytmatov composed in both Russian and Kyrgyz, many of his works, which are predominantly long short stories and novellas, were originally written in the latter language. Major themes in these works are love and friendship, the trials and heroism of wartime, and the emancipation of Kyrgyz youth from restrictive custom and tradition. He also cowrote, with Kaltai Mukhamedzhanov, Voskhozhdenie na Fudziyamu first performed ; The Ascent of Mount Fuji , a play considered provocative during the Soviet era for its examination of the themes of authority and dissent. Aytmatov, ChingizChingiz Aytmatov,