Early life[ edit ] Cardenal was born into an upper-class family in Granada, Nicaragua. One of his brothers was fellow priest Fernando Cardenal. In and , he traveled through Italy , Spain and Switzerland. Cardenal subsequently entered the Trappist Monastery of Gethsemani Kentucky , United States , joining another poet-priest, Thomas Merton , but in , he left to study theology in Cuernavaca , Mexico. Priesthood[ edit ] Cardenal was ordained a Catholic priest in in Granada. Nicaraguan Revolution[ edit ] Many members of the Solentiname community engaged in the revolutionary process through guerrilla warfare that the FSLN had developed to strike at the regime.
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Arall It avoids the condensation of meaning in metaphors and uses the syntax of prose. However, in this later poetry the fertile juxtaposition of his moral stance with his readings of Pound and his opposition to Somoza has given way to a lax prose syntax that carries few poetic surprises.
Cardenal discovered the means to carry out his new perception of the role of the poet in an illiterate country like Nicaragua through reading Ezra Pound while studying at Columbia University in New York.
It must be emphasized that Cardenal sounded strange and new to most of his contemporaries because he had turned to another literary tradition. Merton, ; Homenaje canyo Ernesto Cardenal, edited by P. La guerra de liberacion—der Befreiungskrieg, with Richard Cross. Literary surrealism had an enormous liberating impact on Latin American poetry, for it seemed to combine personal freedom of expression with a revolutionary context.
El Evangelio en Solentiname. Cardenal, politico by M. However, the ferocious political situation under the successive dictatorships of the Somozas made Cardenal reconsider the ambition of a merely personal liberation in a written text. Versos del Pluriverso Spanish, Paperback When Cardenal began publishing his poems in the s it was under two crucial influences, one literary, the other political. Vida en el amor.
In some ways Cardenal, by expanding what can be included in a lyrical poem, has become the unofficial historian of Nicaragua, then Central America, and finally for the whole Latin American subcontinent.
He began translating Pound, William Carlos Williams, and others, aware that most of the Latin American poets of his generation were still, like Ruben Darfo before him, looking towards French culture, and especially French surrealism, for their examples. Oracion por Marilyn Monroe, y otros poemas. Barnatan, ; Emblems of a Season of Fury by T. Los ovnis de oro: Cardenal develops a counterpointing technique of opposing the past Caesar and others with the present Somozaand by pretending to write love poems avoids direct political denunciation.
Granada, Nicaragua, 20 January McAnany, ; as Psalms, translated by Thomas Blackburn, The Chilean poet Pablo Neruda had led the way in the early s with his realization that a poem must be read aloud to spread beyond the confines of the printed word and the few who can afford to buy books.
His poem Cantico cosmico Cosmic Canticle is a celebration of the energy of the cosmos, based on his reading of science and cosmology in pursuit of an interest that derives from his earlier reading of the theologian Teilhard de Chardin. Surrealism, with its twisted dark metaphors, its forays into the unconscious, would not do.
Salmon, translated by Carlos and Monique Altschul. In the collections El estrecho dudoso The Doubtful Strait and Homenaje a los indios americanos Homage to the American Indians Cardenal expands his poems by recreating the history of the conquest of Central America and egnesto the pre-Columbian Indian heritage, basing his work on archival studies, cardennal incorporating voices and historical documents into the poems so that a reader actually learns about the forgotten past.
Walsh, ; as Love in Practice: Homenaje a los indios americanos. Editor, with Jose Coronel Urtecho, Antologia de la poesia norteamericana. Salmos Psalms of Struggle and Liberation combines a rewriting of the Biblical psalms with a critique of Somoza. Publications Verse La ciudad deshabitada. The epigrams remain fresh and provocative. Cristianismo y revolucion by E. Related Articles.
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