Summary When different cultures meet, they influence each other. But how? In , the Cuban anthropologist Fernando Ortiz introduced a concept that challenged the traditional view that cultural encounters only work in one direction. Instead he suggested that these are mutual processes during which some cultural characteristics may get lost, while new elements emerge. The concept has been widely applied to the study of colonial encounters and turned out to be very productive in scholarly discourse. This article seeks to give an overview of the concept of transculturation.
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Zulkisho Transculturation The general processes of transculturation are extremely complex—steered by powerful forces at the macrosocial level, yet ultimately resolved at the interpersonal level. Cultural anthropology Cultural astronomy Cultural ecology Cultural geography Cultural neuroscience Cultural studies Culturology Culture theory Neuroculture. Public users can however freely search the site and fernandp the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
This article needs additional citations for verification. It argues that Ortiz ranks among the most important theorists of the postcolonial condition. The driving force for conflict is simple proximity —boundaries, once separating people providing for a measure of isolation become the issue of a conflict when societies encroach upon one another territorially.
In many cosmopolitan societies, religion is everything—social, utilitarian, intellectual, political; from the point of view of people of immersed cultures; The very concept of ethnicity and its distinctions is incongruous to their immersed concepts.
The primary issue; languagehence, communication and education can be overcome within a single generation—as is evident in the easy acclimation of children of foreign parents. These changes dernando represent differences between homeland pons, and their diasporic communities abroad. The third phase constitutes a period of adjustment. There are many other examples of gernando essential significance of language. This common theme, representing dualist opinions of ethnoconvergence itself, within a single ethnic group is often manifested in issues of sexual partners and marriageemployment preferences, etc.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. But gradually, as social anthropology probes deeper into the question, the four phases of the process of transculturation are properly observed. Often, history shows us, the processes of co-existence begins with hostilities, and with the natural passing of polarist individuals, comes the passing of their polarist sentiments, and soon some resolution is achieved. Wikipedia articles with style issues from December All articles with style issues Articles needing additional references from May All articles needing additional references Articles with multiple maintenance issues All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from January Articles with unsourced statements from May In the other general sense, transculturation is one aspect of global phenomena and human events.
Print Save Cite Email Share. The colored man is now in his second generation in America and tries to outdo himself imitating, at times quite blindly, both the good and the bad traits of the white man. He no longer disowns his race or his blood and he is not ashamed of the traditions ortia of the surviving values of his ancestral culture.
Returning to classic social science as a solution, Bromley has embraced the anthropological approach put forward by thinkers like Fernando Ortiz as a way to account for ethnicity and language without being limited by them as a way for viewing the world.
Xenophobes tend to think of cross-cultural contact as a component of assimilation, and see this as harmful. Please help improve it by rewriting it vernando an encyclopedic style. Quite the contrary, Europeans are traansculturation polyglots, and may label other individuals by their ethnicities; practical means of distinguishing cultures may resemble tendencies similar to ethnocentrism. Sociologists have observed them in tramsculturation continent. Physical attraction soon mixes the blood of the two races.
Fernando Ortiz: Counterpoint and Transculturation
Some intellectuals, such as Michael Ignatieff , argue that convergence of a general culture does not directly entail a similar convergence in ethnic identities. This can become evident in social situations, where people divide into separate groups, despite being of an identical "super-ethnicity", such as nationality. Within each smaller ethnicity, individuals may tend to see it perfectly justified to assimilate with other cultures, and some others view assimilation as wrong and incorrect for their culture. This common theme, representing dualist opinions of ethnoconvergence itself, within a single ethnic group is often manifested in issues of sexual partners and marriage , employment preferences, etc.
Fernando Ortiz Fernández
Unlike Psychoanalysis or Gender Studies, which inherited methodologies that new strategies could work through polemically, this discipline has taken on the unenviable dual task of inventing critical tools while targeting objects that have been as varied as they are elusive. The challenge appears to be particularly intense in Postcolonial Studies, whose success in the Anglo-American academy, particularly its French and English Literature departments, seems all but assured, but whose spread to other cognate fields, like German, Russian, or indeed Spanish and Portuguese, has yet to parallel the same hold it enjoys on their Anglo and French counterparts. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Zulkisho Transculturation The general processes of transculturation are extremely complex—steered by powerful forces at the macrosocial level, yet ultimately resolved at the interpersonal level. Cultural anthropology Cultural astronomy Cultural ecology Cultural geography Cultural neuroscience Cultural studies Culturology Culture theory Neuroculture. Public users can however freely search the site and fernandp the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter. This article needs additional citations for verification. It argues that Ortiz ranks among the most important theorists of the postcolonial condition.