GOPATHA BRAHMANA TELUGU PDF

The text consists of eleven chapters and a long-neglected one. The subject-matter, for more than one reason, raises controversy among the scholars, down the ages. The present study, thus intended as a comprehensive critique upon the whole text of the Gopatha Brahmana, where all important and controversial issues have been taken into account and critically examined. The present endeavour, for the first time has made a good thrust upon the age-old debates regarding the age, characteristics, position, importance, original and purloined portions, which very distinctly explore the righteous position of the Gopatha Brahmana in the Vedic tradition, disregarding old allegations.

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The text consists of eleven chapters and a long-neglected one. The subject-matter, for more than one reason, raises controversy among the scholars, down the ages. The present study, thus intended as a comprehensive critique upon the whole text of the Gopatha Brahmana, where all important and controversial issues have been taken into account and critically examined. The present endeavour, for the first time has made a good thrust upon the age-old debates regarding the age, characteristics, position, importance, original and purloined portions, which very distinctly explore the righteous position of the Gopatha Brahmana in the Vedic tradition, disregarding old allegations.

The reader, now will get a total purview over the text due to this detailed observation latest so far, contemplated by the author. This book, we hope, will certainly De a significant contribution to the understanding of the field of the Atharvaveda and the Vedic literature, as well.

Graduated in Sanskrit from Calcutta University in Completed M. Calcutta in and stood first class first for which he was awarded Gold Medal. Awarded Ph. Started career as Asstt. Teacher in a Christian Missionary School in Calcutta in Worked as a Lecturer in Sanskrit in two colleges from to Visited Vienna to attend 8th World Sanskrit Conference. Present area of research is Vedic studies, more specially the Atharvaveda, its Brahmana and their accessary literature.

Presented a good number of papers on Indology. At present, engaged to bring out a complete translation with annotation of the Gopatha Brahmana into Bengali. Foreword One In addition to the Samhitas the sacred stratum of Vedic literature contains the Brahmanas, Aranyakas and the Upanisads, that are presented as the concluding portion of the Brahmanas.

Brahmanas are mostly composed in prose interspersed with metrical stanzas and they contain the explanations offered by learned priests upon diverse points of ritual. In course of presenting this exposition the priests are required to refer to myths and legends and consequently the Brahmanas develop a compendium of cosmogonic myths, legends and narratives. The Brahmanas naturally are attached to all the four Vedas, and the tradition which gets a start at a particular Samhita, receives a full-bodied form in the Brahmanas affiliated to that particular Samhita.

The Brahmanas, thus, maintain the continuity of the tradition set forth in the particular Samhita and consequently it serves as an entry-point to the speculations preserved in the Samhitas, As a matter of fact, the Brahmanas constitute the best explanation to the Mantras preserved in the Samhitas, and an attempt to penetrate into the thoughts preserved in the Samhitas without taking the help of the Brahmanas is likely to-prove itself fruitless.

Gopatha Brahmana, that has come down probably in an incomplete form is attached to the Atharvaveda Samhita, which is not recognised as having the canonical status of the other three Vedas. It is believed to be of later origin and is accepted as a collection of spells of magic and sorcery directed against diseases, enemies and demons. Unlike the three other Vedas, this Veda is not regarded as furnishing the clue to spiritual upliftment to man, but as a text suggesting the means for attainment of remedies from certain disasters.

Thus, while the other three Vedas lead to spiritual benefit, the Atharvaveda leads to material benefit, and consequently the Aryan mind allocates a lower status to it. This explains the casual treatment which the Gopatha Brahmana attached to the Atharvaveda has received at the hands of commentators and interpretors. Commentators and Scholars have expended considerable energy in analysing the Brahmanas attached to the Rigveda the Yajurveda and the Samaveda, but they have only made a cursory mention of the Brahmana attachment to the Atharvaveda, particularly because of this small contribution made by it to ritualistic exercises and sacrificial operations.

The fact that the Gopatha Brahmana serves as the best commentary to the Atharvaveda misses the notice of most of the interpretors, as a result of which it remains in cool shade of neglect and continues to remain so even today. Strangely enough the language of the Gopatha Brahmana is very much akin to that of the later Brahmanas, like the Satapatha Brahmana ; giving rise to the conjecture that both these Brahmanas appear in the realm of Brahmanical literature about the same time.

The texts of the Gopatha Brahmana is written in prose with three metrical stanzas incorporated in the concluding portion of the first part, and like all other Brahmanas it contains frequent citations from old texts and references to ancient myths and legends. If cosmogonic myths, legends and narratives are regarded as characteristic features of the Brahmanical literature, the Gopatha Brahmana possesses very much these characteristic features, and consequently it is very much representative of Brahraanical texts like other Brahmanas.

The description of the rituals contained in it is fragmentary and casual, giving rise to the belief that all these have been. The Gopatha Brahmana, therefore, occupies an interesting position in the realm of Vedic literature. It is interesting that in spite of the significant position occupied; by it in the whole range of Vedic literature it has been neglected by traditional Indian scholars and modem scholars alike, all of whom have discarded it as full of irregularities and limitation.

In a situation when the Gopatha Brahmana has been neglected by almost all Indian and European scholars, Dr. Taraknath Adhikari has come forward with his exposition on this interesting Brahmana, which provides the key for entry into the vast empire of the Atharvaveda, the Character of which has not yet been properly understood and analysed.

In course of presenting a systematic Study of the subject-matter of the Gopatha Brahmana and projecting a critical analysis of the entire work Adhikari has tried to demolish the viewpoint that this Brahmana is devoid of originality and that it lacks in that freshness of thought, which is usually experienced in other Brahmanas.

Though commonly accepted as a dry work, the Gopatha Brahmana gives expression to certain original sparks of thought, when it introduces the concept of OM, the famous hymn to light, commonly known as the Gayatri and diverse sacrifices of shorter and longer duration.

The exposition on these concepts goes to show that the Gopatha Brahmans does not consider the Atharvaveda as a compendium of magical formulae and abominable sorcery. The Book concludes with a discussion on the original and borrowed materials of the Gopatha Brahmana, trying thereby to establish the fact that this particular Brahmana is a product of the unbroken tradition to which a start had been given by the Vedic Aryan in the dawn of human civilisation.

To controvert the viewpoints of both Indian and European scholars and to allocate a place of dignity and honour to the Gopatha Brahmans, to project the Atharvaveda as a product of an unbroken Indian tradition is not a mean task, and I am surprisingly delighted to note that in this significant task, Adhikari has attained spectacular success, giving all the time in his remarkable treatment an idea of his original thinking and commendable command over the Vedic literature.

The entire work is marked by freshness of thought and newness of approach. Taraknath Adhikari and welcome this magnificient work to the fold of Sanskrit Studies.

Foreword Two The Vedic literature is represented by four classes of works: the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Arauyakas and the Upanisads, Among the Brahmanas, the Gopatha Brahmana occupies a unique position on account of its connection with the Atharvaveda. This Brahmana possesses some novel features which clearly distinguishes it from other works of the same genre.

The role of the Gopatha Brahmana in the realm of Br. A critical appraisal of this abstruse work has long been a desideratum and Dr. Tarak Nath Adhikari, Reader in Sanskrit, Rabindra Bharati University, has been able to a considerable extent to remove this long-felt want and to present to the bar of the academic world a lucid exposition of Vedic sacrifices and Vedic religion as enshrined in this forgotten text. The monograph embodies the dissertation submitted by Dr.

Adhikari in support of his candidature for admission to the Ph. Arts degree of Jadavpur University. Divided into seven chapters, the work tries to analyse the distinctive traits of the GB with particular reference to the different sacrificial ceremonies dealt with therein. The designation of this lone Atharvavedic Brahmana evokes curiosity among the scholars and the author has examined the problem marshalling all the facts at his command.

The superiority of the AV and the Brahman priest which forms the core content of the GB has received an excellent analytical treatment at the hands of the author. The personality of Rudra and his prominent role in the Vedic rituals have been correctly brought out with convincing arguments.

The originality of this Br. The mystery of the sacrifices which plays a dominant role in the Vedic mythology and religion finds a powerful expression enhancing thereby the merit of this treatise.

I am sure this work will be received with applause by scholars wishing to enter into the portals of Indian civilisation and culture and it will be appreciated by critical readers both in the East and the West.

I congratulate the author for his remarkable contribution and recommend the present work to the academic community. Preface The AV i. Each Veda is complete and better understood with its Brahrnana texts and thus is the case with the AV. Surprisingly enough, the study of the GB i. Gopatha Brahmana , the lone Brahmana text of the AV has not been yet taken into account seriously. In the plangent shore of Vedic studies, to our utter surprise, the irradiance of the GB winks helplessly being repulsively secluded from the Vedic stratum.

Discourses on this Brahmana, down the ages, appeared exceptionally sketchy, scrappy and some-times obtuse. Pioneers in this field remained penurious. Being a student of the Vedic studies, such slighting approach prickled my notice and thus, when my teacher and supervisor Professor Bhabani Prasad Bhattacharya of Jadavpur University made me sentient to this point and Professor Sukumari Bhattacharya of J. Works on the Gopatha Brahmana suffered all along adversely, nor did it face spring-tide.

The Introduction to the GB of R. Mitra is not at all enough; M. The only painstaking translation into English with a brilliant introduction of the GB, made by Dr. Patyal of Pune still remains. Thus a serious subject-based analysis of the text becomes a desideratum. And, this may be reckoned as the reason of my present contemplation. Again, while preparing this book, a few inextricable allegations besmeared with the GB, down the ages regarding the age, true position, indebtedness, originality in question etc.

All these appeared to be a sine qua non for the study of the book. The book is a seven-chaptered endeavour, where some important topics, mentioned above are discussed in the opening and the concluding chapters along with a few other topics including the salient features of the GB, its relation with other Vedic texts and the AV specially, source texts etc.

In remaining chapters all important topics are discussed including the pre-eminent position of the AV, the GB and its priest, Brahman in the sacrifice. Discussion on all important sacrifices is to be found in the GB, specially the Soma sacrifice. No important issues are left unturned and a reader will get a total purview of the Gopatha Brahmana, Each deliberation, at its end is supplemented by necessary footnotes.

The concluding remark at the end of the book makes a brief fore-look of the whole book. A list of the books used by me from time to time has been tabulated in the Select Bibliography part.

An Appendix, a list of the verses cited in the GB has been categorically pre- pared at the end. Throughout the book an objective outlook has been envisaged, an honest and sincere attempt has been contemplated. At this stage, I must argue that no final verdict has been educed, but only a structure has been erected, where some stages of thought, regarding the GB as a whole have been considered.

Yes, I am fully aware, I am treading on an area without having the requisite expertise to do it. Due to my disorderly incompetence, incongruous thought and vulnerable limitations in dealing with such abtruse subject, there lies always the possibility of gross lapses, miscalculation and technical flaws.

Again, in regards with the right interpretation of the Vedic literature, scholars almost differ widely. I regret misprints that might have occurred because of my inadvertence. Notwithstanding all these limitations, this study is now presented before the academic world for interaction. All sorts of constructive suggestions will enrich my faculty of thought. This endeavour will touch a favourable termination, if this debut, anyway helps to encourage interest and attention of the Vedic readers to this neglected Brahmana text, which may help to make an avenue for a new interpretation of the AV and the Vedic literature as well.

Now let me have the opportunity to recount the pleasant task of acknowledgement for receiving guidance, assistance and inspiration from different persons and institutions. He drew first my attention to this slighting Brahmana and showed keen interest so that the dissertation might be published soon and very kindly prepared a valuable foreword for the book.

I took my first lesson on the Vedas from Prof. My gratitude is due to this erudite personality. I am grateful to late Prof. Nilmadhav Sen of Poona, who helped me in procuring the unpublished thesis of Dr.

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GOPATHA BRAHMANA TELUGU PDF

Garamar Ratanlal Mishra Hardcover Edition: Caland relies upon internal evidences such as this, to put forth his argument that GB predates VS; and thus belongs to the same period when brahmanas were composed. The Brahmanas, thus, maintain the continuity of the tradition set forth in the particular Samhita and consequently it serves as an entry-point to the speculations preserved in the Samhitas, As a matter of fact, the Brahmanas constitute the best explanation to the Mantras preserved in the Samhitas, and an attempt to penetrate into the thoughts preserved in the Samhitas without taking the help of the Brahmanas is likely to-prove itself fruitless. At present, engaged to bring out a complete translation with annotation of the Gopatha Brahmana into Bengali. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info exoticindia.

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Gopatha Brahmana

Recensions[ edit ] The Atharvaveda AV once existed in nine recensions, each with an exclusive group of adherents. Gopatha Brahmana is the only Brahmana representing all schools of the Atharvaveda listed above. The Gopatha Brahmana differs from other vedic texts, such as in its concept of creation of universe, concept of om, view on Gayatri and Brahmacharya, interpretation of sacrifice, priests, liturgical formalities; and classification of sacrifices, as well as grammatical and linguistic peculiarities. Generally, vedic sacrifices are five-fold, i. However, the Gopatha Brahmana I.

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