KURMANJI KURDISH GRAMMAR PDF

The wolf, half dead, went back to his friends. For whom whose is the coffee? Because on Saturday night I have a meeting. He came but he has not brought the children with him. They introduce themselves to each other, saying their names and where they are from.

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Ez xwendekar im. I am a student. I see that man. Qehwe ya min e. Give me this book. In the past tense, Kurmanji is ergative so the so-called nominative and oblique pronouns do not behave as their names suggest.

The nominative pronouns behave as absolutive pronouns in the past, i. The so-called oblique pronouns play the role of pronouns with ergative case; i. I saw a bird. Ehmed saw me. It is worth noting that as the pronouns table shows, third person personal pronouns exhibit syncretism, i. In the oblique case, however, they have different realizations. Kurmanji nominal case markers follow the same pattern of syncretism as the pronouns.

Nouns Nouns are usually marked overtly for case and grammatical gender. Each noun is either masculine or feminine, and in most cases the assignment of grammatical gender cannot be predicted based on existing patterns. There is no gender differentiation for plural nouns. Nominative case is not associated with any particular endings, and nouns in the nominative case are not marked for gender and number either.

All nominative nouns therefore look like their dictionary form even when they are plural. In the oblique case, however, feminine, masculine, and plural nouns behave differently.

Different endings for the oblique case are shown in the examples below.

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Kurdish grammar

Split-Ergative System[ edit ] Among all modern Iranian languages, only Yaghnobi and Kurdish are ergative , with respect to both case-marking and verb-agreement. It is also the "lexical" form of the noun, i. Nouns in Kurmanji are declined in four cases: nominative , oblique , construct or ezafe and vocative. Nouns in Sorani can be simple or compound. Any unmodified noun in Kurdish may be generic, i.

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